Periodontitis is a condition where the strength of the supporting structures of a tooth have been weakened. There are many causes of periodontitis which are mentioned in this section. If bacteria are able to penetrate the gum seal and accumulate around the tooth root, periodontitis can cause a severe amount of toothache. It is best for your dentist to take some radiographs to assess if this is the case. You will experience pain on the side of the face where the tooth is and it might keep you awake at night. See a dental professional immediately to make a diagnosis.

Advice: Patients with periodontitis should have been told by their dentist of this condition as it happens over time. Rarely does it happen in a period of a few months. If you are suffering from tooth pain please see a dentist immediately as the pain only worsens as the disease continues to spread.

Periodontitis FAQs

What is periodontitis?

This is inflammation of the apparatus that keeps the tooth secure in the gums. The bacteria that cause the inflammation weakens this attachment. Once the attachment has been weakened it is very difficult and unlikely to get the tooth completely secure again, which can cause your teeth to become loose.

Is periodontitis related to gum disease?

Periodontitis is a more advanced form of conventional gum disease.

What are the main periodontal disease symptoms?

Depending on the severity they may differ. However it is normally characterised by swollen, bleeding gums and also loose teeth. Some patients will also experience a consistent bad smell or taste in their mouth. The colour of the gums may also change from being red to having a blue tinge.

What is a periodontal abscess?

This is a localised collection of periodontal bacteria that cause a swelling on the gums. The bacteria spreads from within the gum pockets (spaces between the tooth and the gum) that form and spread onto the surface of the gums.

How do you treat periodontal disease?

You must visit your dental professional who can diagnose the severity of your disease and structure a treatment plan accordingly.

Conventionally deep cleaning will be needed to remove the tartar(calculus) that adheres to the root surfaces of the teeth. Adjuncts to the traditional cleaning methods may be used in the form of tablets or chips that are placed within the gums to improve the success of reducing the size of a periodontal pocket.

You will also be given a strict daily cleaning regime for you to complete at home.

If your case is more severe some surgical interventions can be used to improve the health of your gums.

Should I see a specialist in periodontics for my periodontal treatment?

Once you have visited your dentist they should be able to tell you whether your condition requires specialist periodontal treatment. A specialist is normally only indicated in more severe cases where the treatment required is too complex for your dentist to perform successfully.

If you require surgical treatments to stabilise your gums this may be done by a specialist.